Philosopyc and Totalitarian System
Societe Francaise de Psychologie Individuelle
For Hannah ARENDT, the totalitarian systems are characterised by a fundamental rule: Everything is possible, Every thing is permitted. We can add : ´ To take the place of the other while using the perverse strategies of the political police in totalitarians systems. The pathological disorganisation of a family, leads to the transgression of differences and interdiction ,and therefore to the lack of rules. How can a family or a society end up with this result? Roger CAILLOIS, and René GIRARD, show us how primitives societies protect themselves from internal tensions, by having recourse to orgies and sacrifices: Orgy : all the food and sexual taboos are transgressed Sacrifice†: all the violence is directed at an expiatory victim. – Training of the actors. Applying of I.P, at the hospital, has enabled us to elaborate working hypotheses useful ,which can explain how the actors are trained. In a system which privileges the man, the woman will have a tendency to prefer a son .By reaction the daughter grow closer to her father and idealised him, as†: Father-protector for her Father-persecutor for the bad mother, and when she will become an adult, she will experience her children, as children of the protector, or ,persecutor, like Rosemary’s baby, Raskolnikov, Staline, or Hitler. You can consult on our site,http://www.adler.net1.fr,the article to the meeting FrancNorthAfrican, at nice 2002, « The child of god, the child of the devil » – Rules of the Game A child is born in a family, organised by a system of kinship, with†: -Differences†: of generation, sex, and sib ship -Taboos†: from cannibalism, incest, murder In a family, preference for a child will favour the game of alliances, and will permit someone, to take the place of the preferred child, or to be preferred, by the other parent†. Progressively, after several generations the alliances will produce transgressions of differences and taboos, which characterised the pathological family. -Pathological family. The pathological families we see , use games of alliances/transgression, like a new norm. The adult treats his children as if they were perverts having all the vices. Seduction or violence are means of eliminating these rivals and taking their place. But child are not polymorph pervert as Freud thought. The child is a rival in the unconscious of the parents, and learn rules of alliances/transgression game, in his family. as a victim .Later he try to use these rule as a persecutor, if nobody teach him how to escape this system. For example, a young mother dream, that her little daughter of two months, comes in the bed of her parents, at night, to have sexual relations with her father. Of course, TIRESISA, would have dissuaded this mother to have a girl, as he did it for LAIOS. But to day, this mother has a young daughter of five, who’s happy and blooming, with her parents. -Totalitarian system In a totalitarian system, the society is atomised, individuals become rivals. Each one seeks to eliminate his enemy by prevention, by anticipating who might want to take his place. In the play by Eugene O’Neil, †ªElectra†ª, the mother (Christine/Clytemnestre)says to her daudther†: « I survey you, ever since you were very small…You want to be the wife or your father, the mother of your brother….you want to take my place† » In this play we see also (ORIN/ORESTE)the son and (Brant/Egiste),the nephew, ready to take the place of mammon their father, and uncle. When TIRESIAS announces to Oedipus that he could be responsible for the epidemic which hit Thebes, Oedipus begins to thinks that it is a manoeuvre of Creon, his brother in law, to eliminate him and make him lose his throne. It’i also to eliminate his son/rival that Laios decided to eliminate Oedipus, at his birth. The story of the roman Empire is even more evocative. Julius Cesar is eliminated by a son. Nero will have his mother assassinated. The story of Dora’s case, is an illustration of the alliances/transgressions games. While Freud ask what is Dora’s desire, we can see, that Dora is invited to participate, in alliances games, that her father practice with the K.family. To reconquer her father,Dora doesn’t have the same arms as Mrs K. She can’t get rid of MrsK like she had done with the nurse.Dora must transgress the taboos of incest, with her father, or of crime, with MrsK, to dominate in her family. ** (See :Dora’s case in :http://www.adler.net1.fr) In the totalitarian system, the enemy is eliminated by prevention .Progressively each one become at the same time ,torturer and victim, as we note in pathological families. The mistreating parent was often a mistreated child.
Several clinical examples that you can verify in your practice, if you are a clinician, can specify this attitude:
-A young mother, who has been incested by her step father, can’t tolerate her daughter who has just been born. -In the course of a puerperal psychosis, a young woman threatens to kill her second son. She fear that at adult age, he ‘d kill his older brother, repeating, in this way, the story of Cain and Abel. The alliances /transgressions games which are practiced in the family, can also be practiced in political circles, and become a norm in the totalitarian system. Dictatorship is not an organisation foreign to social group A mother who drowns her newborn, has a psychotic behaviour. A dictator who set up a totalitarian system, finds a foothold with a psychotic societe. We are used to see illness, like an aggression which allies the body, and spirit of an individual. The totalitarian system, as pathological family, oblige us also to consider the pathology as a pathology of a social group, as we can observed in the sects. Totalitarian systems are set up by adults trained in alliances / transgressions games, that they impose like a norm in a pathological society, when the whole society reaches a critical threshold, favoured by a context of economic crisis. The logic of totalitarian systems it’s the logic of families disorganised by games of alliances/transgressions, which feed a collective psychosis. It is this logic of the disorganisation, of the group social, and familial, that SFPI, allows us to understand in order to envisage prevention.
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