The human psyche is really complex, its normative functioning being an essential element in order to successfully develop and adapt to the environment. However, sometimes it is possible to find that for some reason there is some type of alteration that hinders said adaptation, causing deep discomfort to those who suffer from it and greatly altering their life and / or those around them. This is what happens in psychiatric disorders.
Major depression and other depressive disorders
Major depression is one of the most prevalent disorders in the world, being characterized by the presence of a sad mood and the presence of apathy and anhedonia along with other symptoms such as sleep disturbances, eating disorders, feelings of hopelessness, loss of concentration ability, mental and physical slowing down, frustration and passivity. Suicidal ideation may occur.
In addition to major depression, dysthymia is also very common, in which depressive symptoms of less severity than in major depression appear but continued over time (almost daily for at least two years).
Panic disorder with agoraphobia
The set of anxiety disorders are the most frequent type of disorder in the clinical population, although each of them separately may not be so frequent. One of the most common is panic disorder, in which anxiety attacks occur frequently in which there are tachycardia, sweating, rapid breathing, a feeling of loss of control of one’s behavior, and fears such as death or death. to get mad. The idea that they will happen again generates anticipatory anxiety, favoring the behavioral avoidance of situations in which it could appear.
Alcoholism is a very frequent problem, due, among other aspects, to the relatively good vision of alcohol consumption socially. Dependence on this substance can lead to serious health problems, such as liver problems, ethyl comas and can even lead to death for those who suffer from it.
It is one of the most prevalent disorders in today’s society, derived from the cult of the body and the high value of aesthetics and current beauty canons. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a rejection of food intake, the refusal or refusal to maintain a minimum body weight, the distortion of one’s own body image and other symptoms such as amenorrhea or absence of menstruation.
They often induce vomiting after eating, hide food, or exercise excessively to avoid gaining weight. It is one of the few psychiatric disorders that is capable of killing itself, due to the consequences of a lack of nutrients.
Together with the previous one, it is part of the most frequent eating disorders. Bulimia nervosa resembles anorexia in the fact that there is an obsessive fear of gaining weight and there is some distortion of body image, but it is characterized by the presence of massive binges in which you lose control.